Background: Raoultella planticola (R.planticola) is a very rare opportunistic pathogen and sometimes even associated with fatal infection in pediatric cases . Recently, the emergence of carbapenem resistance strains are constantly being reported and a growing source of concern for pediatricians . Case presentation: We reported 4 cases of neonatal septicemia caused by Raoultella planticola . Their gestational age was 211 to 269 days, and their birth weight was 1490 to 3000 g.The R. planticola infections were detected on the 9th to 27th day after hospitalization and occured between May and June . They clinically manifested as poor mental response, recurrent cyanosis, apnea, decreased heart rate and blood oxygen, recurrent jaundice, fever or nonelevation of body temperature . The C-reactive protein and procalcitonin were elevated at significantly in the initial phase of the infection, and they had leukocytosis or leukopenia . Prior to R.planticola infection, all of them recevied at least one broad-spectrum antibiotic for 7-27d.All the R.planticola strains detected were only sensitive to amikacin, but resistant to other groups of drugs: cephalosporins (such as cefazolin, ceftetan, etc) and penicillins (such as ampicillin-sulbactam, piperacillin, etc), and even developed resistance to carbapenem . All the infants were clinically cured and discharged with overall good prognosis . Conclusion: Neonatal septicemia caused by Raoultella planticola mostly occured in hot and humid summer, which lack specific clinical manifestations . Pediatricians should keep in mind that R. planticola can be a potential source of neonatal sepsis and even has the potential to acquire carbapenem-resistance . Preventing outbreaks of epidemics requires early detection, timely diagnosis and treatment, and active isolation.