High air pollutant emissions in China have become serious environmental issues threatening public health . While spatial heterogeneity plays an important role in environmental regulation in China, it is necessary to analyze the spatial heterogeneity influences of air pollution control policies and informal environmental regulation on air pollutant emissions in China . Based on the quantification of air pollution control policies, this paper incorporates the central government's policy formulation and local government's policy implementation into the intensity of air pollution control policy . This paper uses the panel data of China's 30 provinces to examine the spatial impact of air pollution control policy and informal environmental regulation on air pollutant emissions . The results show that (a) air pollutant emissions represented by soot and dust emission intensity has a significant positive spatial spillover effect; (b) air pollution control policy and informal environmental regulation play significant inhibitory roles in air pollutant emissions; (c) informal environmental regulation has a negative moderating effect on the negative relationship between air pollution control policy and air pollutant emissions . Other implications for environmental management have also been discussed.