This paper proposes a new sustainable and simple strategy for the micro-scale extraction of phenolic compounds from grapevine leaves with analytical purpose . The method is based on a microwave-assisted solid-liquid extraction approach (MA-SLE), using an aqueous solution of an ionic liquid (IL) -based surfactant as extraction phase . The method does not require organic solvents, nor any clean-up step, apart from filtration prior to the injection in the analytical system . Two IL-based surfactants were evaluated, and the method was optimized by using experimental designs, resulting in the use of small amounts of sample (100 mg) and extraction phase (2.25 mL), low concentrations of the selected 1-hexadecyl-3-butyl imidazolium bromide IL (0.1 mM), and 30 min of extraction time . The proposed methodology was applied for the determination of the polyphenolic pattern of six different varieties of leaves from the Canary Islands, using high-performance liquid chromatography and photodiode array detection for the quantification of the compounds . The proposed MA-SLE approach was greener, simpler, and more effective than other methods, while the results from the analysis of the leaves samples demonstrate that these by-products can be exploited as a source of natural compounds for many applications.