In Hong Kong, social distancing has been adopted in order to minimise the spread of COVID-19 . This study aims to examine the changes in physical health, mental health, and social well-being experienced by local residents who were homebound during the pandemic . An online questionnaire in both Chinese and English versions was completed by 590 eligible participants from 24 April to 13 May 2020 . The questionnaire found that individuals aged 18 to 25 years spent more time resting and relaxing but experienced more physical strain . Working status was associated with social contact, with participants working full-time jobs scoring higher in``maintaining social communication via electronic means"and``avoiding social activities outside the home". Additionally, approximately one third of the participants (29.7 %) had moderate to severe depression, and participants aged 18 to 25 were found to have higher scores in PHQ-9 . Changes in physical health and social contact were significantly associated with developing depressive symptoms . From the results, it is clear that the COVID-19 pandemic has the potential to exert a negative impact on the mental health status of individuals.
MeSH: Adolescent, Adult, Betacoronavirus, Coronavirus Infections, psychology, Depression, epidemiology, Employment, Health Status, Hong Kong, Humans, Mental Health, Pandemics, Pneumonia, Viral, psychology, Social Behavior, Surveys and Questionnaires, Young Adult