BACKGROUND COVID-19 is a highly contagious acute respiratory syndrome and has been declared a pandemic in more than 209 countries worldwide . At the time of writing, no preventive vaccine has been developed and tested in the community . This study was conducted to review studies aimed at preventing the spread of the coronavirus worldwide .
METHODS This study was a review of the evidence-based literature and was conducted by searching databases, including Google Scholar, PubMed, and ScienceDirect, until April 2020 . The search was performed based on keywords including``coronavirus",``COVID-19", and``prevention". The list of references in the final studies has also been re-reviewed to find articles that might not have been obtained through the search . The guidelines published by trustworthy organizations such as the World Health Organization and Center for Disease Control have been used in this study .
CONCLUSION So far, no vaccine or definitive treatment for COVID-19 has been invented, and the disease has become a pandemic . Therefore, observation of hand hygiene, disinfection of high-touch surfaces, observation of social distance, and lack of presence in public places are recommended as preventive measures . Moreover, to control the situation and to reduce the incidence of the virus, some of the measures taken by the decision-making bodies and the guidelines of the deterrent institutions to strengthen telecommuting of employees and reduce the presence of people in the community and prevent unnecessary activities, are very important.