OBJECTIVE: The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has forced nationwide lockdowns in many countries . As a result, most of the Spanish population had to self-isolate at home . The physical and psychological consequences of this unexpected scenario could be particularly worrisome for people older than 60 years . This study is aimed to examine the psychological well-being of older adults during the home isolation due to the COVID-19 pandemic and to investigate whether meeting the World Health Organization's global recommendations on physical activity (PA) for health is associated with their resilience, affect, and depressive symptoms .
DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 483 citizens whose ages ranged from 60 to 92 years (overall sample: Mâ¯=â¯65.49, SDâ¯=â¯5.14) were recruited via a snowball sampling strategy to answer to an online questionnaire . MEASUREMENTS: The four instruments used were The Connor-Davidson CD-RISC resilience scale, The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, the six-item self-report scale of Depressive Symptoms, and The international Physical Activity Questionnaire .
RESULTS: Results showed that older adults who regularly engaged in vigorous (VPA) and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during the quarantine reported higher scores in resilience (Locus, Self-efficacy, and Optimism), positive affect, and lower in depressive symptoms .
CONCLUSION: These finding are the first quantitative evidence pointing toward a link between engagement in VPA and/or MVPA and resilience, positive affect, and depressive symptoms within the COVID-19 restrictions in Spain . Acknowledging these associations may be important in developing health promotion programs for older people during the remaining period of confinement or future ones.