Before Florence Nightingale, nurses lacked special skills and training . The nursing mainly relied on nurse's religious passion and feelings to carry out nursing activities, and some vulgar and ignorant women took care of the job . Nightingale, who well-educated, born in an aristocratic family, devoted herself to nursing career despite the opposition of her family . She travelled around the world to investigate the hospital and nursing status . Nightingale practiced her concept of nursing work in the Crimean war . After the investigation of the wounded soldiers, she pointed out that the high mortality rate of British soldiers was related to poor nursing . She put forward suggestions to strengthen military nursing education; then she established modern nursing education institutions and created a new nursing education model, which was the beginning of modern nursing career.