Electrochemical 1,2-Diarylation of Alkenes Enabled by Direct Dual C-H Functionalizations of Electron-Rich Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Angew. chem; int. ed. engl
A cobalt-promoted electrochemical 1,2-diarylation of alkenes with electron-rich aromatic hydrocarbons via direct dual C-H functionalizations is described, which employs a radical relay strategy to produce polyaryl-functionalized alkanes. Simply by using graphite rod cathode instead of platinum plate cathode, chemoselectivity of this radical relay strategy is shifted to the dehydrogenative [2+2+2] cycloaddition via 1,2-diarylation, annulation and dehydrogenation cascades leading to complex 11,12-dihydroindolo[2,3-a]carbazoles. Mechanistical studies indicate that a key step for the radical relay processes is transformations of the aromatic hydrocarbons to the aryl sp2-hybridized carbon-centered radicals via deprotonation of the corresponding aryl radical cation intermediates with bases.