How insolvency courts handle conflicts is an important aspect of the Directive on preventive restructuring frameworks and it has become more important in the current COVID-19 crisis, as a result of which insolvencies are or will be on the rise . Insolvency courts are one of the key actors that can impact the length and costs of conflicts, and, consequently, the effectiveness and efficiency of insolvency proceedings . However, there is a lack of empirical research that examines when, why and how insolvency courts prevent actual or potential conflicts . This article reports the results of an empirical study that explored the strategies used by insolvency judges in the Netherlands to resolve conflicts and to prevent a dispute from becoming one . The results show that insolvency courts deploy “ under the radar ” mediation-like strategies to prevent actual and potential conflicts involving insolvency practitioners, enhancing the speed and cost-effectiveness of the winding-up of cases in the perceptions of stakeholders . Consequently, insolvency judges do not only act as adjudicators in court proceedings, but also take on mediation-like roles, at least in some jurisdictions . Limitations and challenges of these roles are discussed . The findings of this study are relevant for determining and regulating the roles and tasks of insolvency judges.