Performance characteristics of a rapid SARS-CoV-2 antigen detection assay at a public plaza testing site in San Francisco
J. infect. dis
We evaluated the performance of the Abbott BinaxNOW TM Covid-19 rapid antigen test (Binax-CoV2) to detect virus among persons, regardless of symptoms, at a public plaza site of ongoing community transmission. Titration with cultured SARS-CoV-2 yielded a human observable threshold between 1.6x10 4-4.3x10 4 viral RNA copies (cycle threshold (Ct) of 30.3-28.8). Among 878 subjects tested, 3% (26/878) were positive by RT-PCR, of which 15/26 had Ct<30, indicating high viral load. 40% (6/15) of Ct<30 were asymptomatic. Using this Ct<30 threshold for Binax-CoV2 evaluation, the sensitivity of Binax-CoV2 was 93.3% (14/15), 95% CI: 68.1-99.8%, and the specificity was 99.9% (855/856), 95% CI: 99.4-99.9%.