INTRODUCTION: Experiencing violence, especially multiple types of violence, can have a negative impact on youths' development . These experiences increase the risk for future violence and other health problems associated with the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among adolescents and adults .
METHODS: Data from the 2019 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey were used to determine the prevalence of high school students' self-reported experiences with physical fighting, being threatened with a weapon, physical dating violence, sexual violence, and bullying . Logistic regression models adjusting for sex, grade, and race/ethnicity were used to test the strength of associations between experiencing multiple forms of violence and 16 self-reported health risk behaviors and conditions .
RESULTS: Approximately one half of students (44.3 %) experienced at least one type of violence; more than one in seven (15.6 %) experienced two or more types during the preceding 12 months . Experiencing multiple types of violence was significantly more prevalent among females than among males and among students identifying as gay, lesbian, or bisexual or not sure of their sexual identity than among heterosexual students . Experiencing violence was significantly associated with higher prevalence of all examined health risks and conditions . Relative to youths with no violence experiences, adjusted health risk and condition prevalence estimates were up to seven times higher among those experiencing two types of violence and up to 21 times higher among those experiencing three or more types of violence .
IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE: Many youths experience multiple types of violence, with potentially lifelong health impacts . Violence is preventable using proven approaches that address individual, family, and environmental risks . Prioritizing violence prevention is strategic to promoting adolescent and adult health.
MeSH: Adolescent, Female, Health Risk Behaviors, Humans, Male, Prevalence, Surveys and Questionnaires, United States, epidemiology, Violence, statistics & numerical data