Background: Suffering from COVID-19 is a strong psychological stressor to the patients . Even after recovery, patients are prone to a variety of mental health problems . Recently, some studies focus on the psychological situation of patients when they got COVID-19 . However, no study focused on the psychological status of recovered COVID-19-infected patients in China . Our study aims to investigate sleep and mood status, and detect the influencing factors of the psychological status of the COVID-19 patients after recovery .
Methods: One hundred and twenty-five COVID-19 patients were enrolled from February to April 2020 . The social demographic information of all participants was collected by a self-designed questionnaire . Insomnia and depression symptoms were evaluated through the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and the Center for Epidemiology Scale for Depression (CES-D).
Results: The rates of insomnia and depression were 26.45% and 9.92% in the COVID-19 patients after recovery . There were significant differences in physical, mental impairment, and the need for psychological assistance between the COVID-19 recovered patients with depression and the patients without depression . In addition, age and health status may be the influencing factors for insomnia, and care about the views of others may be the influencing factor of depression (P <0.05).
Conclusions: Based on the results, we found that COVID-19 recovered patients had a low rate of depression and a high rate of insomnia . We need to pay more attention to their sleep condition than mood status.