BACKGROUND: The global food insecurity reinforces the ongoing impact of COVID-19 on human health and mortality . Although literature remained sparse, reports indicated that food insecurity is disproportionately high among African, Caribbean, and Black (ACB) population since the outset of COVID-19 . Hence, we assessed the food insecurity conditions of ACB populations globally during the COVID-19 pandemic .
METHODS: Comprehensive searches in CINAHL, Medline (Ovid), PubMed (Medline), Food Science and Technology Abstracts, SCOPUS, EMBASE, AMED, CAB Abstracts, Cochrane Library (OVID), and PsycINFO were carried out . Title/abstract and full-text screening, quality appraisal (modified JBI QARI), and data extraction were carried out by double reviewers .
RESULTS: The initial search yielded 354 articles . After removal of duplicates and irrelevant articles, a full-text review and critical appraisal , 9 papers were included in the study . After data extraction and synthesis, six major themes emerged from the analysis: increased food insecurity, adverse health outcomes of food insecurity, exacerbation of existing disparities, systemic inequities and adverse policies, racism, and sociocultural response and solutions .
IMPLICATIONS: The study showed that COVID-19 had exacerbated food insecurity and other health disparities within racialized populations including ACB people, due to systemic anti-Black racism; inadequate representation in decision-making; and issues of cultural appropriateness and competency of health services . While sociocultural response by ACB people through the expansion of their social capital is imperative, specific policies easing access to food, medicine, and shelter for racialized communities will ensure equity while reducing global food insecurity and health crises during the COVID-19 pandemic.