BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic has provoked a wide variety of psychological problems such as anxiety, depression, and panic disorders, especially among health service providers . Due to a greater risk of exposure to the virus, increased working hours, and fear of infecting their families, health service providers are more vulnerable to emotional distress than the general population during this pandemic . This online survey attempts to assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 and its associated variables among healthcare workers in Nepal . MATERIALS AND
METHODS: For data collection purposes, Covid-19 Peritraumatic Distress Index (CPDI) Questionnaire, was used whose content validity was verified by Shanghai mental health center . Data for the survey were collected from 11 to 24 October 2020 which was extracted to Microsoft Excel-13 and analyzed .
RESULTS: A total of 254 health care workers from different provinces of the country participated in this study with a mean age of 26.01 (± 4.46) years . A majority 46.9% (n = 119) of the participants were not distressed (score & #8804; 28) while 46.5% (n = 118) were mild to moderately distressed (score> 28 to & #8804; 51) and 6.7% (n = 17) were severely distressed (score & #8805; 52) due to the current COVID-19 pandemic . Female participants (p = 0.004) and participants who were doctors by profession (p = 0.001) experienced significantly more distress .
CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 pandemic has heightened the psychological distress amongst health care service providers . The findings from the present study may highlight the need for constructing and implementing appropriate plans and policies by relevant stakeholders that will help to mitigate the distress among health service providers in the current pandemic so that we can have an efficient frontline health workforce to tackle this worse situation.