Alkaloids produced by the bulbs of the Amaryllidaceae are a source of pharmaceutical compounds . The main alkaloid, galantamine, is a reversible acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and allosteric nicotinic receptor modulator, which slows cognitive and functional decline in mild to moderate dementia due to Alzheimer ’ s disease . Having a complex stereochemistry, the organic synthesis of galantamine for pharmaceutical uses is highly challenging and not always economically viable, and it is therefore isolated from Amaryllidaceae bulbs . In the present study, galantamine was extracted and quantified in Narcissus bulbs from five cultivars (cvs .), Fortune, Carlton, Ice Follies, Galilee and Ziva, which were grown in Israel under various conditions . Results show that the cvs . Fortune, Carlton and Ice Follies bulbs contained 285 ± 47 , 452 ± 73 and 69 ± 17 µg g−1 galantamine, respectively, while the Galilee and Ziva bulbs contained relatively low concentrations of galantamine (1–20 µg g−1). Irrigation levels and pruning conditions did not affect the galantamine contents . Additionally, the alkaloids profile of the five cvs . was analyzed and characterized using LC-MS/MS showing that galantamine-type alkaloids were mainly detected in the Fortune and Carlton bulbs, lycorine-type alkaloids were mainly detected at the Galilee and Ziva bulbs and vittatine-type alkaloids were mainly detected in the Ice Follies bulbs . The present research is the first to characterize the alkaloids profile in the Narcissus bulbs of Galilee and Ziva, indigenous cvs . grown in Israel . The antiviral and anticancer alkaloids lycorine and lycorinine were the main alkaloids detected in the bulbs of those cultivars.