Teachers are not only subjects of school health efforts but also role models for students ’ health behaviors; teachers ’ health-promoting behaviors can induce students ’ healthy behaviors with their positive health outcomes . This study was an examination of personal factors, situational factors, and health literacy as influences on teachers ’ health-promoting behaviors . A hierarchical multiple regression analysis was implemented based on an integrated model of health literacy . The study results showed that health literacy was the strongest predictor of teachers ’ health-promoting behaviors . In addition, school type and school culture were situational factors related to the interpersonal relations and stress management domains of the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II scale . These findings could serve as foundational evidence for developing programs at the individual and organizational levels that enhance teachers ’ health-promoting behaviors.