Since its emergence as a pneumonia-like outbreak in the Chinese city of Wuhan in late 2019, the novel coronavirus disease COVID-19 has spread widely to become a global pandemic . The first case of COVID-19 in India was reported on 30 January 2020 and since then it has affected more than ten million people and resulted in around 150,000 deaths in the country . Over time, the viral genome has accumulated mutations as it passes through its human hosts, a common evolutionary mechanism found in all microorganisms . This has implications for disease surveillance and management, vaccines and therapeutics, and the emergence of reinfections . Sequencing the viral genome can help monitor these changes and provides an extraordinary opportunity to understand the genetic epidemiology and evolution of the virus as well as tracking its spread in a population . Here we review the past year in the context of the phylogenetic analysis of variants isolated over the course of the pandemic in India and highlight the importance of continued sequencing-based surveillance in the country.
MeSH: Brazil, COVID-19, epidemiology, immunology, virology, COVID-19 Vaccines, immunology, pharmacology, Denmark, Genome, Viral, Genomics, methods, Humans, Immune Evasion, India, epidemiology, Mutation, Phylogeny, Prevalence, SARS-CoV-2, genetics, isolation & purification, South Africa, Spain, United Kingdom