Intensive research in the field of sphingolipids has revealed diverse roles in cell biological responses and human health and disease . This immense molecular family is primarily represented by the bioactive molecules ceramide, sphingosine, and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P). The flux of sphingolipid metabolism at both the subcellular and extracellular levels provides multiple opportunities for pharmacological intervention . The caveat is that perturbation of any single node of this highly regulated flux may have effects that propagate throughout the metabolic network in a dramatic and sometimes unexpected manner . Beginning with S1P, the receptors for which have thus far been the most clinically tractable pharmacological targets, this review will describe recent advances in therapeutic modulators targeting sphingolipids, their chaperones, transporters, and metabolic enzymes.
MeSH: Ceramides, metabolism, Humans, Lysophospholipids, metabolism, Metabolic Networks and Pathways, drug effects, Models, Biological, Molecular Targeted Therapy, Sphingolipids, metabolism, Sphingosine, analogs & derivatives, metabolism
Index: Fingolimod, Ozanimod, S1P, Siponimod, Sphingolipid