Brucellosis, caused by Brucella spp., is an important zoonotic disease leading to enormous economic losses in livestock, posing a great threat to public health worldwide . The live attenuated Brucella suis (B. suis) strain S2, a safe and effective vaccine, is widely used in animals in China . However, S2 vaccination in animals may raise debates and concerns in terms of safety to primates, particularly humans . In this study, we used cynomolgus monkey as an animal model to evaluate the safety of the S2 vaccine strain on primates . In addition, we performed transcriptome analysis to determine gene expression profiling on cynomolgus monkeys immunized with the S2 vaccine . Our results suggested that the S2 vaccine was safe for cynomolgus monkeys. The transcriptome analysis identified 663 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), of which 348 were significantly upregulated and 315 were remarkably downregulated . The Gene Ontology (GO) classification and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis indicated that these DEGs were involved in various biological processes (BPs), including the chemokine signaling pathway, actin cytoskeleton regulation, the defense response, immune system processing, and the type-I interferon signaling pathway . The molecular functions of the DEGs were mainly comprised of 2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetase activity, double-stranded RNA binding, and actin-binding . Moreover, the cellular components of these DEGs included integrin complex, myosin II complex, and blood microparticle . Our findings alleviate the concerns over the safety of the S2 vaccine on primates and provide a genetic basis for the response from a mammalian host following vaccination with the S2 vaccine.
Index: brucellosis, cynomolgus monkey, gene expression, transcriptome analysis, vaccine