BACKGROUND: More than 210,000 medical workers have fought against the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Hubei in China since December 2019 . However, the prevalence of mental health problems in frontline medical staff after fighting COVID-19 is still unknown .
METHODS: Medical workers in Wuhan and other cities in Hubei Province were invited to participate a cross-sectional and convenience sampling online survey, which assessed the prevalence of anxiety, insomnia, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
RESULTS: A total of 1,091 responses (33% male and 67% female) were valid for statistical analysis . The prevalence was anxiety 53%, insomnia 79%, depression 56%, and PTSD 11% . Healthcare workers in Wuhan were more likely to face risks of anxiety (56% vs. 52%, P = 0.03) and PTSD (15% vs. 9%, P = 0.03) than those in other cities of Hubei . In terms of educational attainment, those with doctoral and masters' (D/M) degrees may experience more anxiety (median of 7.0, [interquartile range (IQR) 2.0-8.5] vs. median 5.0 [IQR 5.0-8.0], P = 0.02) and PTSD (median 26.0 [IQR 19.5-33.0] vs. median 23.0 [IQR 19.0-31.0], P = 0.04) than those with lower educational degrees .
CONCLUSIONS: The mental problems were an important issue for the healthcare workers after COVID-19 . Thus, an early intervention on such mental problems is necessary for healthcare workers.
Index: Anxiety, Coronavirus disease 2019, Depression, Healthcare workers, Insomnia, Mental health outcome, Post-traumatic stress disorder