Paediatric anaesthesia is an upcoming speciality which is gaining wide interest and can be a career choice for the new trainees . The need to develop paediatric anaesthesia as a speciality was realised with the progress in the field of paediatric surgery . The profile of the 'patient' encountered by a paediatric anaesthesiologist spans from an extremely premature neonate on the fringes of survival, to a full-grown adolescent equivalent to an adult . Perioperative morbidity and mortality are 2-3 times higher in infants and neonates compared to adults particularly in middle and low-income countries . The anatomical, physiological, pharmacological variations and presence of congenital cardiac, pulmonary and metabolic diseases in young children make perioperative management challenging . Special expertise and training are required for anaesthetic management of these preverbal children . In India , 3-years DM and 1-year Fellowship courses in paediatric anaesthesia are now available for specialisation . An ideal paediatric anaesthesia training centre should have substantial paediatric and neonatal patient load with exclusive intensive care facility . Paediatric anaesthesiologists, having knowledge of several facets of paediatrics and anaesthesia are capable of coordinating with health care professionals performing procedures outside the operating room . Paediatric anaesthesia, as a career thus offers a great opportunity to enhance quality and safety of anaesthesia in this high-risk surgical population . Persistent coordinated team efforts improve patient outcomes, reduce stress at work and increase job satisfaction.
Index: Anaesthesia, career, courses, paediatric, programme, specialisation