BACKGROUND: Chronic non-communicable diseases, such as asthma (AS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are a public health problem that compromises patients' quality of life and is highly comorbid with medical and psychological conditions . The present study's objective was to know the variables associated with the risk of major depression during confinement due to SAR-CoV-2 in patients with AS and COPD in the Colombian Caribbean . SUBJECTS AND
METHODS: An online cross-sectional observational study was done with the participation of patients diagnosed with AS or COPD . AS and COPD patients completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) to identify a major depressive disorder risk .
RESULTS: Two hundred seventy-seven patients diagnosed with AS or COPD aged 18 to 69 (M=60.4, SD=17.6) participated . The risk of major depression was assessed using the PHQ-9 sent online after telephone contact with the participants . 30.7% of the patients during the last month reported a risk of major depression, and it was associated with a history of major depressive disorder (OR=4.39 , 95% CI 1.53-12.67) and medical comorbidity (OR=1.69 , 95% CI 1.00-2.86).
CONCLUSIONS: The depression risk is associated with a history of depressive disorder and medical comorbidity in patients with AS and COPD . Medical history is the leading risk factor for depression during confinement . It is recommended to carry out studies with many participants and study other variables that may mediate said associations during confinement by SAR-CoV-2 in the Colombian Caribbean.