AIM OF THE WORK: The present study aimed to identify the potential psychological malaise factors affecting the Italian nurses on the front lines of Covid-19 patient care since evidence suggested that they are at high risk of developing psychological disorders .
METHODS: An online questionnaire was administered to 291 Italian nurses, containing information on: sex, years of work experience, region of Italy where nurses worked and the intensive care unit assignment . Then, the anxiety disorders, the impact of the event, the depression and the insomnia conditions and their principal psychological factors influencing nurses during the health emergency . were assessed Results . Nurses worked in Northern Italy registered higher anxiety scores than others (p=0.023); the assignment to the intensive care unit (p=0.042) not influenced these scores . The total impact of event (IES-R) values ââevidenced that women recorded higher``Avoidance"( p=0.032) and``Hyperarousal"( p=0.003) values ââthan men . The nurses who worked in Northern Italy recorded higher scores of``Hyperarousal"( p=0.010) and IES-R total (p=0.044). More women than men showed insomnia conditions (p=0.038) and nurses with a number of years of work experience not exceeding 10 years recorded greater levels of depression than the others (p=0.031). The psychological factors affected nurses included: the``Pleasure/Interest"dimension which correlated with the``Uncontrollable Thinking"( p=0.007), the``Unsatisfactory sleep/wake rhythm"( p=0.004), and the``Unmanageable pain and weakness"( p=0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Urgent need to intervene with psychological support programs for health professionals, such as nurses who are facing the health emergency from Covid-19 on the front line.