BACKGROUND: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a virus that causes COVID-19, which has become a worldwide pandemic . However, until now, there is no vaccine or specific drug to prevent or treat COVID-19 .
OBJECTIVES: To find out the effective treatment as an antiviral agent for COVID-19, to determine the correlation between sociodemography with clinical outcomes and duration of treatment, and to determine the relationship between comorbidities with clinical outcomes and duration of treatment for COVID-19 patients .
METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in this study . This study included only confirmed COVID-19 patients who were admitted to the hospital during April-May 2020 . Convenience sampling was used to select 103 patients, but only 72 patients were suitable for inclusion .
RESULTS: The survival analysis for COVID-19 patients using the Kaplan Meier method showed that patients receiving Oseltamivir + Hydroxychloroquine had an average survival rate of about 83% after undergoing treatment of about ten days . Gender (p = 0.450) and age (p = 0.226) did not have a significant correlation with the duration of treatment for COVID-19 patients . Gender (p = 0.174) and age (p = 0.065) also did not have a significant correlation with clinical outcome of COVID-19 patients . Comorbidities showed a significant correlation with duration of treatment (p = 0.002) and clinical outcome (p = 0.014) of COVID-19 patients .
CONCLUSION: The most effective antiviral agent in this study based on treatment duration was the combination of Oseltamivir + Hydroxychloroquine . The higher the patient's average treatment duration is, the lower the average survival rate for COVID-19 patients.