Objectives: To document the pattern of chest radiographic findings in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with moderate to severe disease .
Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study .
Setting: The study site was Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) located at Bantama in Kumasi, the capital town of the Ashanti Region . It is the second largest hospital in the country and the major referral site for Ashanti region and the northern part of the country . The hospital hosts a highly infectious isolation unit (HIIU) for COVID-19 patients with moderate to severe infections and receives referred cases from the region and within the hospital . Participants: The study involved 27 patients admitted to the HIIU at KATH with COVID-19 infection who underwent chest X-ray as part of their investigations .
Results: The study enrolled 12 males and 15 females . The common comorbidities were hypertension and diabetes . Chest x-ray findings in most of the patients (81.5 %) revealed ground-glass opacities while a few of them (18.5 %) had lung consolidations without ground-glass opacities . For those with ground-glass opacities, eight (29.6 %) had superimposed consolidation . All the participants had positive chest x-ray findings . Conclusion: The chest x-ray findings in the 27 COVID-19 positive patients with moderate to severe disease on admission at the KATH HIIU enrolled in this study showed significant pulmonary abnormalities . The predominant pulmonary abnormalities were bilateral peripheral ground-glass opacities with the lower lung zones being mostly affected . Funding: Funding from the Radiology Directorate, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.