The development of rapid, highly sensitive, and selective methods for the diagnosis of infection by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) should help to prevent the spread of this pandemic virus . In this study, we combined recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA), as a means of isothermal DNA amplification, with an rkDNA-graphene oxide (GO) probe system to allow the rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2 with high sensitivity and selectivity . We used in situ enzymatic synthesis to prepare an rkDNA probe that was complementary to an RPA-amplified sequence of the target N-gene of SARS-CoV-2 . The fluorescence of this rkDNA was perfectly quenched in the presence of GO . When the quenched rkDNA-GO system was added to the RPA-amplified sequence of the target SARS-CoV-2, the fluorescence recovered dramatically . The combined RPA/rkDNA-GO system exhibited extremely high selectivity (discrimination factor : 17.2) and sensitivity (LOD = 6.0 aM) for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 . The total processing time was only 1.6 h. This combined RPA/rkDNA-GO system appears to be a very efficient and simple method for the point-of-care detection of SARS-CoV-2.