PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of the optimal examination technique for patients with glaucoma during the COVID-19 pandemic that includes one of the safest methods of tonometry [transpalpebral tonometry (TPT), contour dynamic tonometry (CDT) and Icare rebound tonometry (RBT) ] in combination with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). MATERIAL AND
METHODS: The study included 65 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) who sought medical aid at the Ophthalmological Center of FMBA during the COVID-19 pandemic; they were examined using three tonometry methods: RBT, TPT and CDT . All patients underwent central corneal thickness measurement, perimetry, OCT and OCTA with assessment of vessel density (VD) of the superficial plexus in the macula (whole image macula) and peripapillary retina (PPR).
RESULTS: High correlation was found between the results obtained with RBT, TPT and CDT . None of the methods showed a correlation between IOP and corneal thickness . The correlations between IOP and OCTA parameters were obtained: IOPTPT and VDPPR in the inferior temporal sector (r= -0.386, p=0.027), IOPRBT and VD whole image macula (r= -0.69, p=0.019), and in the macula inferior hemisphere (r= -0.75, p=0.008), as well as between the ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) and VD in the macular inferior hemisphere (r=0.380, p=0.039). The OCTA parameters had a moderate, but significant correlation with the perimetric indices .
CONCLUSIONS: Tonometry methods (TPB, CDT and RBT) exhibit high correlation with each other and no correlation with corneal thickness . IOP parameters measured by different methods, especially using the Icare tonometer, correlate with OCTA parameters, and the latter - with perimetric indices . The combination of these tonometry methods with SD-OCT and OCTA is optimal for examining patients during the pandemic.