Art therapy is a form of psychotherapy that uses art media to improve well-being . This article explores the history and development of art therapy, from the first description of art therapy in the 1940s, to the two main approaches still in use today . The benefits of art therapy with regard to its delivery, patient population, and cost are then broadly discussed . The use of art therapy in psychiatric conditions, specifically in schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like conditions, is highlighted, as well as its role in chronic and physical conditions like asthma and cancer . Furthermore, the potential for art therapy to be more broadly implemented using technological novelties, such as virtual reality, is considered, especially in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.