BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate risk-taking behavior and decision-making processes in recovered COVID-19 patients . SUBJECTS AND
METHODS: Twenty patients recovered from COVID-19 as confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests and twenty-one healthy individuals were recruited . A computerized version of the Iowa Gambling Test (IGT) for measuring risk-taking behavior tendencies as a decision-making process and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and WMS-R Digit Span Forward Test (DSFT) for clinical assessments included . The assessments of the recovered patients were applied on the initial phase that the tests of the patients were negative and on the 4-week follow up phase .
RESULTS: The results showed that the anxiety scores were significantly higher in the healthy control group than in the group of recovered patients . The IGT-Net 4 scores were significantly and IGT-Net total scores were marginally significantly lower in the group of recovered patients . In other words, recovered patients showed higher risk-taking behavior tendencies . This tendency difference is consistent with the anxiety levels of the groups . These IGT scores showed to be persistent in the 4-week follow up phase .
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that recovered patients show higher risk-taking behavior tendencies than healthy controls and this may be the result of overcoming the COVID-19 threat.