BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is the novel coronavirus responsible for the ongoing global outbreak of acute respiratory disease and viral pneumonia . In order to tackle the devastating condition of the virus, countries need to attack the virus with aggressive and targeted tactics . Thus, to strengthen the COVID-19 mitigation measures and to give rapid response, there is an urgent need to understand the public's knowledge and attitude about of the pandemic at this critical moment .
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude of communities about COVID-19 and associated factors among Gondar City residents .
METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was done among 623 respondents in Gondar city from April 20-27/2020 . Data were collected using a structured questionnaire adapted from different literatures . The data were entered using Epi data version 3.1 and then exported into STATA version 14 for analysis . Bi-variable and multivariable binary logistic regression were performed . Adjusted odds ratio with 95% CI was used to declare statistically significant variables on the basis of p value less than 0.05 in the multivariable binary logistic regression model .
RESULTS: The overall knowledge and attitude of the community towards COVID19 was 51.85% [95% CI (47.91% -55.78 %) ] and 53.13% [95% CI (49.20 , 57.06 %) ], respectively . In this study, being married [AOR = 0.60 at 95% CI: (0.42 , 0.86) ], educational level; primary [AOR = 3.14 at 95% CI: (1.78,5.54) ], secondary [AOR = 2.81 at 95% CI: (1.70,4.63) ], college and above [AOR = 4.49 at 95% CI : 7.92 , 13.98) ], and family size [AOR = 1.80, at 95% CI: (1.05 , 3.08) ] were emerged as statistically significant factors impacting the knowledge of the community about COVID-19 . Besides, educational level; primary [AOR = 1.76 at 95% CI: (1.03 , 3.01) ], secondary [AOR = 1.69 at 95% CI: (1.07 , 2.68) ], and college & above [AOR = 2.38 at 95% CI: (1.50 , 3.79) ], and family size; four to six members [AOR = 1.84 at 95% CI (1.27 , 2.67) ], above seven members [AOR = 1.79 at 95% CI (1.08 , 2.96) ] were factors identified as significantly attribute for positive attitude of the communities towards COVID-19 .
CONCLUSION: More than half of the respondents had better knowledge and attitude regarding COVID-19 . Higher educational level and larger family size were significant factors predominantly affecting the knowledge and attitude of the communities towards COVID-19.