BACKGROUND: Despite global prevention and quarantine efforts, the incidence of COVID-19 disease continues to increase . As a possible cause, our aim was to investigate which parameters increase the sensitivity or protection against COVID-19 between RT-PCR positive and RT-PCR negative cases in patients admitted to the emergency department .
METHODS: In the pandemic process, patients admitted to the hospital with suspicion of COVID-19 were evaluated retrospectively . RT-PCR test was divided into + (for Group 1) and - (Group 2). The gender, age, clinical information, application symptoms, and comorbidity data of the patients were evaluated .
RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-seven cases were evaluated in the study . Group 1 : 88 cases, M/F ratio : 46/42 and average age 48 ± 17.3 years, Group 2 : 79 cases, M/F ratio was approximately 3/2, and the average age was 48.3 ± 19.4 years . When the groups were compared in terms of symptoms, fever, cough, weakness, and headache were prominent in Group 1, whereas the contact was significantly higher in Group 2 (p <0.05). Among the comorbid diseases, only COPD showed a significant difference between the groups, and it was found significantly higher in Group 2 (p <0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Cough, headache, and fever were found valuable in the detection of cases . Attention should be paid to contact isolation to circumvent the pandemic process with less damage . Having chronic diseases, especially COPD, increases the risk of infection with SARS-CoV-2 . Close monitoring and control of chronic diseases can positively change the course of COVID-19.