BACKGROUND: Since December 2019, the world has been facing one of the most critical health threats of the last decades . In March 2021, the official number of deaths passed 2.6 million worldwide . Most countries have developed policies to control the disease . Nevertheless, countries have experienced different outcomes related to their various adapted policies . Complementing our first report, in this article, we report our findings of comparing the policies adopted to combat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Iran, with those from nine selected countries, including China, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Germany, the United States, the United Kingdom, Spain, and Italy, to draw evidence-informed policy lessons .
METHODS: This is a qualitative study conducted based on document analysis related to COVID-19 policies in Iran and nine selected countries . Using a deductive approach, data were extracted and analyzed based on the components of the WHO Building Blocks Framework . Finally, we compared the Iranian policies with the nine selected countries .
RESULTS: Documents analysis revealed a spectrum of policies, which have led to a variety of outcomes . Based on our findings, three main strategies (widespread testing, comprehensive contact tracing, and timely measures) were the most effective directions to combat COVID-19 .
CONCLUSION: The experience of the first and second waves of COVID-19 showed that the risk of coronavirus is serious and will continue until a vaccine or decisive treatment is achieved . Therefore, countries are required to adopt appropriate and tailored policies to deal with this crisis effectively . Applying the experiences from the previous waves is essential for more efficient performance in the likely upcoming waves.