INTRODUCTION: Psychiatric problems, such as stress and anxiety disorders, are encountered among healthcare professionals fighting epidemics . Considering that COVID-19 suddenly became a pandemic and healthcare professionals have not had access to sufficient information, it is a fact that healthcare professionals have been affected on a large scale . Heavy workloads, insufficient equipment and anxiety over families increase this impact . We aimed to investigate the extent to which healthcare professionals have been psychologically affected by COVID-19 and related factors .
METHODOLOGY: Data obtained through questionnaires completed by 348 healthcare professionals working during the COVID-19 pandemic and 350 participants who are in control group were investigated . The Impact of Event Scale-revised (IES-R) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the Severity Index (ISI) for insomnia were used . Differences regarding gender, occupation, age group, marital status and sub-groups were statistically analyzed .
RESULTS: Of the 348 healthcare professionals , 176 (50.6 %) were women and 172 (49.4 %) men while 190 (54.6 %) were doctors and 158 (45.4 %) nurses . The incidence of PTSD was statistically significantly higher in the healthcare professionals group than in the control group (p <0.001). The incidence of PTSD was statistically significantly higher among nurses (p = 0.001), women (p = 0.002) and those who were married (p = 0.007). Both PTSD and insomnia were found to be statistically significantly higher among those working in the``area of final diagnosis"( p = 0.016 and p = 0.002, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: The determination of the groups most affected among professionals working in epidemics is important for the planning of in-service training and psychological support studies . If the fight against pandemics include health teams with strong psychological grounding, it leads to qualified medical care for patients.