15 Apr 2021
Materials (Basel, Switzerland);
Making frequent large-scale screenings for several diseases economically affordable would represent a real breakthrough in healthcare. One of the most promising routes to pursue such an objective is developing rapid, non-invasive, and cost-effective home-testing devices. As a first step toward a diagnostic revolution, glycemia self-monitoring represents a solid base to start exploring new diagnostic strategies. Glucose self-monitoring is improving people's life quality in recent years; however, current approaches still present vast room for improvement. In most cases, they still involve invasive sampling processes (i.e., finger-prick), quite discomforting for frequent measurements, or implantable devices which are costly and commonly dedicated to selected chronic patients, thus precluding large-scale monitoring. Thanks to their unique physicochemical properties, nanoparticles hold great promises for the development of rapid colorimetric devices. Here, we overview and analyze the main instrument-free nanosensing strategies reported so far for glucose detection, highlighting their advantages/disadvantages in view of their implementation as cost-effective rapid home-testing devices, including the potential use of alternative non-invasive biofluids as samples sources.